Age-old olive grove

Age-old olive trees with crooked trunks: real sculptures of nature

The olive trees with their beauty and charm, transmitted by secular bent trunks, representing the history of Puglia through their thousand-year presence in the area. This typical testifies that the trees were not planted but grafted, and that their position is still to be decided by nature.

Symbol of the whole Apulian flora

olive trees at sunset

The olive tree is considered the symbol of the whole Apulian flora: it characterizes the territory from the Tavoliere to the end of the Salento with endless expanses. Early cultivations came from the deforestation which spared only the wild olives. This type of cultivation is particularly diffused in the area of Monopoli where plants and trees are placed without following a precise scheme.

olive trees and poppies

Other zones are marked by different characteristics, in particular in the area of Fasano: here we find trees with colossal trunks which appear as real sculptures thanks to the work of the nature during the past centuries; they are distant 18 meters one another (60 Roman feet) and have been placed “a dimora” according to the RES RUSTICA that is to say the first treaty about agronomy written by Lucio Giunio Moderato Columella, who was born in Spain and lived at the time of Jesus.

olive trees and dry stone walls

The main varieties diffused in our region can be considered autochthonous having adapted themselves to the land and weather characteristics of our territory realizing a natural selection which made them resistant to parasites ensuring a high oil return.

olive trees and dry stone walls

Most varieties belong to the family of the Ogliarole, whose name comes from the territory where they are cultivated (Ogliarola barese, Cima di Bitonto, Paisana, Cima di Mola and Ogliarola salentina). Other varieties are the Peranzana, the Coratina and the Cellina di Nardò. Apulian olive trees represent the oldest group of plants with the largest number of millenarian specimen in the world. Most ancient olive groves are concentrated between the provinces of Bari and Brindisi where, close to the via Traiana (which linked Rome to the port of Brindisi), the oil culture has promoted since the Roman age the development of numerous settlements and hundreds of hypogean oil mills where the olives picked from the monumental trees became oil.

Weather Puglia

Meteo Puglia
Useful information for tourists

Useful information for tourists in Apulia

  • Language:




    International code:


    Travel document:

    Identity card for community citizens; passport for extra-community tourists

  • Useful numbers:

    • Carabinieri 112
    • State Police 113
    • Firemen 115
    • Finance Police 117
    • First Aid 118
  • How to reach Apulia:

    By plane

    Bari Airport: Karol Wojtyla. Brindisi Airport: Papola Casale. Foggia Airport: Gino Lisa

    By train

    Trenitalia links the main Italian cities of Apulia

    On highway

    A14 from Bologna through Foggia and Bari to Taranto

    A16 from Napoli; in Canosa it converges with A14.

The Baroque in Lecce, architectonic expression of the 16th century

Basilica di Santa Croce

In 1539 emperor Carlo V chooses the city of Lecce as the chief town of Apulia making it a real building yard. This prosperous period is deeply linked with the famous architectural phenomenon called the Baroque of Lecce.

Self- vegetation and animal species in Apulia.

Horse of the Murgia

A huge number of biotopes of vegetable and animal species characterizes the region, even if only the 7% of the territory has been declared protected area. The Apulian self-vegetation is marked by woods, the Mediterranean maquis and the so-called ganga (rocky pasture).

Pink flamingos in the salt marshes of Margherita di Savoia

The region shows two national parks: the Gargano National Park with many areas and reserves and the lakes of Lesina and Varano, and the Alta Murgia National Park.